It’s an Instagram-worthy moment in the making: The day your baby first tries solid food — and smears it all over everything in (and out of) sight. But what comes next?
Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy
“Toddlerhood is prime time for growth spurts and brain development, so we want to make sure to give them the best nutrition possible,” says pediatric dietitian Jennifer Hyland, RD, CSP, LD.
How to get your toddler to eat healthy food
Hyland shares her top five toddler food tips to help
set them up for a lifetime of healthy eating.
1. Start early
When should you lay the groundwork for that first foray into toddler finger foods? When they are babies. “Introduce a variety of foods in infancy,” says Hyland. “Start offering age-appropriate foods at about 6 months, and wait a couple of days between the introduction of each new food.”
Try different food groups
and textures, including meats, dairy (closer to age 1) and healthy fats. That
way, your baby is used to different foods — and flavors — by the time they
2. Go cup, or go home
“The volume of a child’s milk intake should go down after their first birthday, so they have more room for solid foods,” Hyland explains. “If kids are still chugging an 8-ounce bottle at every meal, they tend to eat less.”
Transitioning from a bottle to a cup will help reduce
the milk consumption so that they take in a more reasonable 4 to 6 ounces of liquid at a time.
3. Strip it
Cut toddler snacks into safe-to-eat-sized pieces to
reduce the risk of choking. Hyland recommends keeping that knife active until
around age 4.
But the term “bite-sized” no longer means chunks. “We
now recommend cutting things into strips,” she notes. “A child’s windpipe is around
the size of a pinky finger. Cut food into little pieces of strips that are
thinner than that, so it can easily pass through the throat if your child
accidentally swallows it whole.”
That advice goes for round
foods as well, such as grapes and cherry tomatoes. Cut them lengthwise for safe
4. Practice makes portion
Long gone are the days of forcing your kid to “clean
their plate.” Instead, embrace small portion sizes for their much smaller bodies.
“A tablespoon per age is a
good starting point,” says Hyland. “For toddler-sized portions, think two to
three crackers, a half a slice of bread, a few bites of chicken or a half to
one whole egg.”
If you feel your kids
aren’t eating enough, remember that they don’t have to eat a whole plate of
broccoli. “Two to three pieces is fine for their age,” she says.
5. If at first you don’t succeed …
Try, try again. Hyland says it can take more than 20
times for your novice eater to accept a new food or flavor. “Even if they don’t
eat them, continue to introduce healthy foods.”
To minimize thrown plates
and screeches of “NO,” make eating interactive and fun. Let your child help
pick out foods at the grocery store or stir when you cook.
And when your toddler
suddenly refuses to eat an old favorite, don’t panic or get frustrated. Toddler
food jags are perfectly normal and come in waves. If you stay the course, your
little one will be back to downing peas in no time.
The best types of foods to feed your toddler
Hyland’s rule of thumb for toddler snacks? “Offer your
kids anything and everything that you eat. It doesn’t need to be a perceived toddler
food.” She recommends covering all the basic food groups, including:
Offer both well-cooked and raw veggies regularly. Broccoli,
carrots, green beans and zucchini are all good options to cook. Raw vegetables
should be soft-ish, easy to chew and swallow, and cut thinly, such as skinless
and seedless cucumbers or bell peppers, cut appropriately.
Offer a variety of soft fruits, preferably fresh. Be
cautious of added sugar in applesauce and fruit pouches and choose unsweetened
Good quality fat is especially important for brain
development in 1- and 2-year-olds. Healthy fats are also good for your
Avocado is a great healthy fat to start with since it’s soft. “And early introduction to nut butters is recommended from an allergy standpoint. They are also a great source of healthy fat,” says Hyland. “Try a very thin layer of peanut butter on a piece of bread or cracker, or you can mix or melt peanut butter or almond butter into oatmeal and similar foods.”
Healthy oils that you cook with, such as olive oil, count,
too. So does milk. “Most young toddlers can get much of the fat they need from
whole milk. Older toddlers — like 2- and 3-year-olds — can transition to
low-fat milk and still get a lot of the health benefits,” she says.
The sky’s the limit when it comes to whole grains,
which include whole-wheat bread, oatmeal, quinoa and well-cooked pasta. “I
would even put potatoes in the grain category, so potatoes or sweet potatoes
are great,” Hyland says. “Mash them or cut them into skinny strips and roast
Make sure the protein is cut appropriately. Try ground
meats, flaky fish, and scrambled or hard-boiled eggs. If you’re a vegetarian,
you could offer tofu strips, hummus or mashed-up beans.
What toddlers should not eat
Not all foods are
considered toddler-safe, even in bite-sized strips. Don’t feed your toddler:
- Honey: Avoid honey until your baby is at least 12 months old. Honey may contain bacteria that can cause a potentially deadly disease called infant botulism.
- Foods with added sugars: “Per the American Academy of Pediatrics, children under 2 should have no added sugar. But it’s challenging because sugar’s in a lot of foods,” says Hyland. “Avoid packaged and processed foods, adding sugar into kids’ foods yourself and giving them juice or any sugar-sweetened beverages.”
- Certain firm-textured foods: These kinds of foods can up your toddler’s choking risk. Avoid items such as nuts, popcorn, whole candies and tough meats.